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Plaza mayor de toledo

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Plaza mayor de toledo

plaza mayor toledo

La Plaza de Zocodover es una plaza de la ciudad de Toledo, en la comunidad autónoma de Castilla-La Mancha, España. Fue el centro neurálgico de la ciudad durante la mayor parte de su historia, actuando como su plaza principal. Una parte de ella fue diseñada por Juan de Herrera durante el reinado de Felipe II[1].

Es cuando la antigua plaza fue destruida por un incendio el 29 de octubre de 1589 cuando se decide construir una nueva. En 1854 se redacta un ambicioso proyecto, de la mano del técnico Santiago Martín Ruiz, para reorganizar la plaza de Zocodover, transformándola en una plaza porticada rectangular[3].

La primera y más antigua data de la época de los Reyes Católicos, aprobada por la misma Isabel de Castilla en 1502. La propuesta partió del mismo ayuntamiento de Toledo y se autorizó a todos sus órganos la remodelación de ésta, ya que la anterior plaza era demasiado estrecha, y al carecer el Alcázar de un lugar apropiado se querían unir ambas a la fachada frontal del edificio.

Para ello, se levantaría un muro para salvar el hueco a la posta de San Miguel y también se regularon sus características, entre las que destaca la construcción de arcadas típicas de la arquitectura castellana.

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zocodover square

The intention of creating a homogeneous square that would allow the bullfighting shows to be attended comfortably is evident, so that instead of the usual independent balconies, two floors of corridors were incorporated in front of the façades of the buildings.

The lower floor is a corridor of arcades in the style of the old ecclesiastical cloisters. It is supported by columns of Tuscan order, the shaft is smooth, made of granite on which simple wooden footings are mounted. In the accesses, the columns are complemented by pillars of quadrangular section. This first body is covered by means of vaults of revoltones or bovedillas.

The main access to the square is covered by an overhang crowned by a four-sided gazebo. Most of the original columns and pillars were replaced at the end of the 20th century by new ones.

santa iglesia catedral primada de toledocathedral in toledo, spain

It was when the old square was destroyed by fire on October 29, 1589 that it was decided to build a new one. In 1854 an ambitious project was drawn up by the technician Santiago Martín Ruiz to reorganize the Plaza de Zocodover, transforming it into a rectangular arcaded square.[2] The first and oldest of these was built in 1854.

The first and oldest dates from the time of the Catholic Monarchs, approved by Isabella of Castile herself in 1502. The proposal came from the same city council of Toledo and all its organs were authorized to remodel it, since the former square was too narrow, and since the Alcazar of Toledo lacked a proper square, they wanted to join both up to the front facade of the building. For this purpose, a wall would be raised to overcome the unevenness up to the postigo de San Miguel and its characteristics were also regulated, among which we highlight the construction of the typical arcades of Castilian architecture. Such a colossal work was never put into practice, since taking into account the technical possibilities of the time and the high slope from Zocodover to the main façade of the Alcazar, 23 meters high, the difficulty was very burdensome, adding to this the fact that in order to lower the ground it would have been necessary to excavate in live rock.

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plaza zocodover toledo how to get there

What’s more, next to the Plaza de Zocodover, you will find Sillería street (where our office is located), which is where the saddles were made for horseback riding and those animals that were sold there in the square.

In addition, around it, there are some of the main monuments and museums of the city such as: the Alcazar of Toledo, the Museum of Santa Cruz, the Center of Modern and Contemporary Art of Castilla-La Mancha…

Another place that is also located here is the Palacio de Congresos… Also, in the surroundings of the Plaza de Zocodover you will find some places where you can have tapas and taste the typical gastronomy of Toledo.

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The first thing you will notice about the Plaza de Zocodover is its irregularity, it has nothing to do with the floor plan of other Castilian squares! What’s more, under the main clock of the square is the Arco de la Sangre (Blood Arch). This arch receives this name because, right on the balcony under the clock, is the image of the famous Christ of the Blood, which can be seen from the outside at important moments such as during Holy Week in Toledo.

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