San pedro del vaticano miguel angel

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San pedro del vaticano miguel angel

st. peter’s basilica

The artist Michelangelo was the architect of St. Peter’s Basilica in the Vatican. Although he did not begin the work, nor was he able to make many variations on the original project, he is responsible for its exterior image.

From 1546 until his death in 1564, Michelangelo Buonarroti was appointed the architect director of the factory of St. Peter’s. And, although he was unable to see the finished work, he left the guidelines so that the papal basilica could be completed in elevation.

It was considered one of the most important Constantinian basilicas of early Christian art. It had five naves with a wooden roof. The length of the temple of Constantine was 110 meters, while the height would be 30 meters in the center.

Pope Julius II made a momentous decision to remodel the basilica. Although at first he thought of preserving the Constantinian basilica, in the end he opted to build a new building.

The construction of the basilica of Julius II left two controversies. The first, that of the definitive demolition of the Constantinian temple, which was the continuity with the papacy since the times of the Empire. The second, that the construction costs motivated the distribution of indulgences in exchange for economic support. And that provoked protests in the north of Europe, materialized in Luther’s Theses. But that would be another story.

st. peter’s basilicabasilica in vatican city

The artist Michelangelo was the architect of St. Peter’s Basilica in the Vatican. Although he did not begin the work, nor was he able to make many variations on the original project, he is responsible for its exterior image.

From 1546 until his death in 1564, Michelangelo Buonarroti was appointed the architect director of the factory of St. Peter’s. And, although he was unable to see the finished work, he left the guidelines so that the papal basilica could be completed in elevation.

It was considered one of the most important Constantinian basilicas of early Christian art. It had five naves with a wooden roof. The length of the temple of Constantine was 110 meters, while the height would be 30 meters in the center.

Pope Julius II made a momentous decision to remodel the basilica. Although at first he thought of preserving the Constantinian basilica, in the end he opted to build a new building.

The construction of the basilica of Julius II left two controversies. The first, that of the definitive demolition of the Constantinian temple, which was the continuity with the papacy since the times of the Empire. The second, that the construction costs motivated the distribution of indulgences in exchange for economic support. And that provoked protests in the north of Europe, materialized in Luther’s Theses. But that would be another story.

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The classic Renaissance structure holds millennia-old treasures inside, including paintings, sculptures, artifacts and decorated art on the walls. A visit to St. Peter’s Basilica is a treat for the senses and the soul!

The famous St. Peter’s Chair is a glorious throne found in the apse of St. Peter’s Basilica. The chair is essentially an ancient oak chair that has been repaired and decorated by Bernini and now stands in a spectacular display of bronze statues of saints, angels and the representation of the holy spirit through a glass painting of a dove. It is considered a relic and is known as Cathedra Petri, which is significant as it gives spiritual direction to the Pope, and the word Cathedra itself means «Seat of the Bishop».

st. peter’s basilica architecture

After Bramante’s death, Raphael, Antonio Sangallo and Giulio Romano took over the project. Raphael conceived a basilica plan, but the works did not progress, neither with Sangallo nor with Romano.

Michelangelo followed Brunelleschi’s model of Santa Maria delle Fiori with two sockets, the inner spherical socket and the outer pointed or flattened socket joined by suspenders and counterbalancing the forces of the thrusts.

This cap presents decorative elements: in the pendentives the Tetramorphos, that is to say the symbols of the evangelists, and in the rest are represented different saints and God the father in the lantern.